checklists with full referencing for Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands,
Papua New Guinea, and the Melanesian portions of Indonesia & Australia.
SOLOMON ISLANDS Hirundo tahitica
mentalis – sunning itself
birds for each island, annotations on their residence status (Whether resident
all year, or Summer, Winter, Spring/Autumn) or Migrant (and which season),
Ecological Preferences and Abundance are provided where known. Most books
and research papers on birds in the South Pacific have concentrated on the land
and freshwater birds and so there is less detail available for seabirds and
shorebirds. The books of Mayr; Mayr & Diamond; Beehler, Pratt &
Zimmerman; Bregulla; Hannecart & Letocart; Hadden; and Delacour are the
major book sources used. However, the majority of the references are
original research papers. The annotations usually clarify any certainties
recorded for an island and sometimes report uncertainties.
Working on this
project exposed the fallacy that scientific names are stable and have worldwide
usage. Many birds of the South Pacific have had up to six or more
scientific names. Many of the islands also have five or six names.
To help make sense of this potential for serious mistakes and to save you the
hard work of sorting it all out for yourself I have made two spreadsheets: Alternate Names for Melanesian Birds and
All files are in
PDF format which means that once you click on one it will start to download to
your computer. Most files are only 10-20 K and the largest is only 96 K
so should not be a problem to anyone. The island lists for individual
birds is 6.9 Meg and may take a while to download. For a copy of the PAU checklist click Pacific Adventist University
Checklist PAU is 14 miles out of Port Moresby on the road to the Sogeri Plateau,
Varirata National Park, and the Kokoda Trail.
I lay no claim to
these lists being perfect – they were developed as a reference for my
Ornithology students at Pacific Adventist University and as a personal
tool. If you want to offer corrections, additions or suggestions feel
free to contact me at (please re-type address)
It is my plan to
continue updating these lists. I
hope you find them useful.
I thank: Rori O’Brien, & Wayne Longmore for their
pleasant and expert help in locating papers in the ornithological and general
libraries of the National Museum in Melbourne; Birds Australia for access to
their library; Charles Collins of the University of California (Long Beach) for
copies of papers in his possession; Thane Pratt for copies of his field Trip
reports; Don Hadden for information on islands he visited and all those whose
names appear in the Sources column of the island lists.